By JIM SMITH, Realtor®
The government’s supervision of lenders has changed the way that home loans are made. Once you select your lender, you will be interacting with multiple people. Understanding who the “players” are is important.
I asked Jaxzann Riggs, owner of The Mortgage Network to describe those players..
The Loan Originator/Loan Officer
Sometimes called a “loan originator” or “loan officer” (LO) this is your team manager. Your LO will typically be your first contact with the lender. The LO decides if your income, assets, and credit will allow you to obtain the financing you need. The LO will be an educator and your advocate. He/she will manage the overall progress of the application, making sure that deadlines agreed upon by you and the seller are honored.
The processor is the player tending to your loan application as it winds its way from application to closing. Your processor will request documentation from you that supports the information that you and the LO have put into the application for the loan. Their job is to organize your documents so that they paint a clear picture of your ability to repay the loan. The loan processor is the go-between between the borrower and underwriter.
The appraiser will create a report that assesses the home’s market value to ensure that the amount of money requested for the loan will be acceptable to FNMA or FHLMC. The appraiser confirms the home’s dimensions, examines amenities, and evaluates the overall condition. He/she examines the records of comparable properties, ideally ones in the same neighborhood that have sold recently. Based on this information, the appraiser arrives at an opinion of how much your property would sell for if you put it on the market. This opinion assists the underwriter, along with your income, assets, and credit history in deciding how much it will lend you and on what terms.
Think of the underwriter as the final word. FNMA and FHLMC are quasi-governmental agencies that set underwriting standards which lenders must follow. After reviewing your credit history, assets, the size of the loan, and the appraisal of the home, it is the underwriter who will decide whether your application meets government standards and either approve or decline the application. If they decide that your credit profile or application does not meet FNMA/FHLMC standards, they may deny your mortgage or require a larger down payment. Underwriters have discretion in the approval decision and, while they are the “gatekeeper” for the lender, they typically will look for ways to approve the loan.
While not obvious, there are two “closers” working on your loan team. The title company’s closer must coordinate with the lender’s closer to reconcile the numbers associated with the loan and real estate transaction. The title closer will be presenting the lender’s final documents for your signature on the day of closing. The closing package includes the final loan application, loan estimate and closing disclosure, title insurance documents, deed of trust, bill of sale, affidavit of title, tax documents, etc. While they start their work at the beginning of the transaction, their work is not finished until all the documents that you sign at closing have been recorded with the county.
The Most Valuable Player (MVP)
The most important player is YOU. Your LO and Loan Processor will not ask you for documentation unless they know that it will be required by the underwriter. The more responsive you are to their requests, the faster the loan will be approved and the lower your stress level will be during the process.
Do you have other questions about the mortgage process? I recommend calling Jaxzann at 303-990-2992.